This paper present how we can applied multimedia elements in a way which it can be used for educational purpose. The traditional approach of learning system that had been used for the last generation had proved to be helpful. However, with the help of multimedia, it can help enhancing our educational system and make learning to be more interesting and fun. The problem with the traditional approach of learning is that it is lack in creativity and often hard to understand. This tend to make learning a bit difficult and boring. Traditional learning also lack in resource. This will make learning harder as students tend to be confuse and unable to understand the topic that they learn. With the help of multimedia which provide a lot of resource, learning could be fun and exciting experience. It will also help students to fully grasp an understanding of the subject that they learn. With the help of multimedia element, the educational system could evolved into that is much better that the traditional system.
Keywords: multimedia, education , traditional
Multimedia is defined as any combination of text, graphic, sound, video and animation. Multimedia can be delivered to user via electronic or digital manipulated means. In order to create a good multimedia project, you need to be creative, technical, organizational and business skills. When the user is allowed to control what and when these elements are delivered, it become an interactive multimedia. Interactive multimedia can be called hypermedia. This happened when a user is provided with a structure of linked elements for the use of navigation.
With the advancement of technology in this world, we can see that the world that we live in is changing rapidly and the field of education are one of the field that are growing to be much better. The old day education where the learning environment are passive is long gone. We can see that the use of multimedia in education has grown a lot in this recent year and is looking to expend ever further in the future.
Teacher primarily required resources in order to help students to understand better about the topic that they are learning. By enabling teacher to have access in multimedia learning resource, which help to support constructive concept development, allowing the teacher to be more focus to teaching the subject while working to help the students to understand the topic individually. The development of multimedia also help to ease learning by enabling students not to just learn in just school but also at home. This will potentially help students to improve their learning skills. With the help of multimedia elements, which is text, graphic, video, sound and animation, it can create an interactive learning environment that can help teacher and students teaching and learning.
II. THE TRADITIONAL APPROACH IN LEARNING
The traditional education also know as conventional education is a long-established customs found in school that society has traditionally deemed appropriate. This type f education is more to teacher-centered that focused on rote learning and memorization. In the traditional learning, students are a passive absorbers of information and authority. They are less active in class and lack in problem solving skills. Furthermore, the traditional ways of learning are much more linear with factual accumulation and skill mastery while the new approach with the help of multimedia are non-linear, with one idea linked to another, allowing the learner to choose the path that they want to learn.
The traditional approach of learning also lack in resource. Knowledge can only be absorbed through lecture and textbook. By using multimedia, they will be much more resource that can be attain especially through the use of the internet. The traditional approach of learning is also less creative. The students are more passive as they lack in material resource needed in order to express their creativity. Such loop hole can make children to be less passionate and unmotivated to learn. This is why multimedia use in education is vital in education.
III. THE MULTIMEDIA APPROACH IN LEARNING
Multimedia is vital in our life. This is because it is pack with various elements such as text, graphic, sound, video and animation. All of this element can be seen in our surrounding. It is also used in various fields such as in education, training, business, games and science and technology. This is a proof that multimedia is important. In fact, multimedia is changing the ways of learning itself. Instead of just limiting you with a linear presentation such as reading text from a book, multimedia makes many improvement in learning by bringing various elements in order to make it more dynamic.
"Multimedia is a synthesis: a hybrid offering the advantages of the user-driven book with the wonders of electronic technology" -Robert Winter; UCLA Roundtable in Multimedia
Education courses, skills and knowledge are often taught in a context. To overcome this, the use of multimedia as education aids help to provide a real world example using a computer with high quality content. The various type of software available on the market can also help to provide a friendly interactive method of learning. Multimedia and tool such as the internet can provide teacher an instant excess to millions of resource available. These material can help the teacher to provide the students with cooperative learning, critical thinking, discussion, and problem solving. So, multimedia approach in education provide many advantage over the traditional method.
IV. MULTIMEDIA ELEMENTS IN EDUCATION
Multimedia elements can be use for many thing. With the help of a computer software such as Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Flash you can create and combine various multimedia elements to create a great project. But, you must know each and every function of those multimedia elements so that you can applied it in your learning.
Text are the most basic element in multimedia and it is very easy to use. But, you must not underestimate it because text can give the most impact on the quality of the multimedia interaction compared to the other elements. This is because text contain a lot of font. A font is a collection of characters of a single size and style belonging to a particular typeface family as shown in Figure 1.In general, text are used in order to provide important information. This is because text are more direct and easy to understand rather than the other multimedia elements. In learning, text are the most commonly used element. But, by using multimedia text, the word can be much more interesting rather that plain text thus increasing the learning effectiveness.
Figure 1. Different type of font.
Graphic are two-dimensional figure or illustration. It is the most creative ways of learning approach. It can be either a photograph, drawing or picture. There are many types of picture format such as GIF, JPEG and PNG. Using graphic in education will increase the students understanding. It will also enhance their memory skill because picture are easy to remember. This is because image use a massive amount of cortical skills such as color, form, line, dimension and imagination. This will help the students to get a clear picture of what they are learning. Figure 2 shows the use of graphic in education.
Figure 2. The use of graphic for storytelling in education.
Audio has been use in education for many decade. Because everything that we learn can be recorded, it is an effective tool for the students because they use it to interact with the course content provided by their teacher at any times and any location that they want. Audio also ease the students by conducting live online discussion via audio tools and platform. There are a few widely use software that can be use for this such as Wechat, Whatapps, Line and Skype. This will not only save some time rather than meeting face-to-face it also frequently used for long distance learning. Sound can also be use by teacher to present a lot of information at once. This will help teacher to explain the content of the topic in a much interesting ways which will help the students to understand the topic. Learning by using audio also can help disable people such as blind people to learn as shown in Figure 3. This is one of the few ways for them to learn because they cannot see and read. This shows that the use of sound in education can benefit a lot of people if used in the correct way.
Figure 3. Shows An app for the Android tablet helps blind students learn math through touch and sound.
Video is widely used multimedia element. It also has the highest performance on your computer or device among the five elements. There are a few standard video format for educational use such as MPEG2 that is used for Digital Versatile Disc (DVD) playback or MPEG4 for home video. Sometimes, using text or other multimedia elements to convey information are hard and complex This type of multimedia element are used because it can provide visual stimulation for students so that they can have a better understanding in learning. This prove to be helpful in surgical training where students cannot just understand the producer for surgery just by reading. So, a video of a surgery in action is needed so that the students can understand. Teacher can also ask their students to make a video project. This is because it can help them getting in touch with the real element of what they are learning and show it to their other classmate. It also can help to enhance their practical skill. This is because, by doing a video they are expose to the outside element rather than just sitting in the classroom. So, they can gain more experience and improve their skills. This shows that video can help to improve our educational system. Figure 4 shows the use of video in classroom.
Figure 4. Shows the application of video in classroom
Animation are created using continuous motion and shape change combined together to produce an animation. This happened because of a biological phenomenon called persistent of vision and psychological phenomenon called phi. This enable us to see animation the way it is. Animation are different than video. This is because video is taken from real life event while animation are usually taken from drawing. There are a few animation software that are used in educational field such as Adobe Flash, Authoware and Director. By using this software, students can use their own creativity and idea to present a project that they like. this help to improve their creativity while bringing fun in learning. Animation also can help students to learn faster and easier. This is because they can help teacher to explain a difficult topic. For example, the flow of blood throughout the body cannot be seen. The flow of blood in and out of the heart are difficult for students to understand in the beginning. By providing a structural animation of our blood circulatory system and the heart, students can see clearly how it work. This can help provide a better understanding about the topic to students. With the help of computer animation, learning and teaching can be much more easier faster and amusing.
V. ADVANTAGE OF MULTIMEDIA APPROACH IN EDUCATION
There are many advantages in applying multimedia elements in education. One of it is that multimedia enable students to represent information using several different media. This prove to be helpful when students need to do their project. By using multimedia elements, they can present their project in a much more creative ways. Moreover, multimedia approach also provide flexibility of where and when can they learn. This is because by using multimedia approach such as audio and video, student can record or make connection with one another for discussion or listening to the previous topic that they have recorded. Multimedia approach also helps the students to develop a higher order thinking skills. By using the multimedia elements, students use their own idea and creativity to combine the elements of multimedia to produce something fresh and new. Furthermore, multimedia approach are also much more engaging compare to the traditional one. With multimedia, interactive learning can be done with live-action video, feedback, questions and answers to keep the students interested and help enhancing their skills. Next, with multimedia simulation technique can be effectively applied. By using simulation, student can grasp a better understanding about the step and producer to make or do a certain project. This can improve their understanding and also help improving their skills.
In conclusion, multimedia possessed a lot of advantages to make learning interesting. With the help of its elements, it can invoke creativity in both teacher and students so that they can apply it in order to teach or learn. Learning also become much more easier with the help of multimedia. multimedia can help improve our educational system. This is a must because we need to keep up our pace with the evolvement of our technology.
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