Introduction

Telecommunications industry deals with the activities and services of electronic systems for transmitting messages through cables, telephone, radio or television

Components and factors responsible behind the growth of telecommunications industry

Two major factors responsible for the growth of telecommunications industry are use of modern technology and market competition. One of the products of modern technologies is optical fibers, which are being used as a medium of data transmission instead of using coaxial or twisted pair cables. Optical fibers can carry a high volume of data and are easier to maintain and install. Use of communication satellites makes this telecommunications industry a booming industry.

The use of mobile network has a crucial role behind the growth of an improved telecommunications industry. Leading companies are showing their interest to invest in this telecommunications industry.

Telecommunications industry is going to be a digitized one. Use of ISDN (Inter Services Digital Network) makes this telecommunication industry a total digitalized system and eventually enhanced the speed and quality of digital communication.

The introduction of these advanced technologies makes the telecommunications industry a competitive one, where a number of multinational companies have shown their interest to invest in this industry and consequently the prices are reduced, the quality is also improved. During the period of 1990, the telecommunication industry showed a speedy growth in terms of investment and eventually increased the competition. The competition between the companies led to the decline of revenues.

History of PTA

The Pakistan Telecommunication Ordinance 1994, established the primary regulatory framework for the telecommunication industry including the establishment of an authority. Thereafter, Telecommunication (Re-Organization) Act no XVII was promulgated in 1996 that aimed to reorganize the telecom sector of Pakistan. Under Telecom Reorganization Act 1996, Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) was established to regulate the establishment, operation and maintenance of telecommunication systems, and the provision of telecom services.

PTA has its headquarters at Islamabad and zonal offices located at Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi and Muzaffarabad.

VISION

“Create a fair Regulatory Regime to promote investment, encourage competition, protect customer interest and ensure high quality ICT services”

PTA's functions include:

  • To regulate the establishment, operation and maintenance of telecommunication systems and provision of telecommunication services in Pakistan.
  • To receive and expeditiously dispose of applications for the use of radio-frequency spectrum.
  • To promote and protect the interests of users of telecommunication services in Pakistan.
  • To promote the availability of a wide range of high quality, efficient, cost effective and competitive telecommunication services throughout Pakistan.
  • To promote rapid modernization of telecommunication systems and telecommunication services.
  • To investigate and adjudicate on complaints and other claims made against licensees arising out of alleged contraventions of the provisions of this Act, the rules made and licenses issued there under and take action accordingly.

To perform such other functions as the Federal Government may assign from time to time

Responsibilities of Authority

In exercising its functions and powers under the Act, the authority shall ensure that?

  • Rights of licensees are duly protected;
  • All of its decisions and determinations are made promptly, in an open equitable, non discriminatory, consistent and transparent manner;
  • All applications made to it are disposed of expeditiously;
  • The persons affected by its decisions or determination are given a due notice thereof and provided with an opportunity of being heard;

OrganizationalChart

Zonal offices of PTA

Karachi

Peshawar

Quetta

Rawalpindi

Lahore

Muzafrabad

Organization Type

PTA is a “Strong Matrix Organization”. All the functional elements of this organization are fully responsible for their respective area and have a reasonable authority which they can exercise for the completion of their assignments and delivery of their tasks.

By definition of the strong matrix type organizations following are the key features of such organizations. A relationship between the key features of the matrix type organization and the roles and responsibilities of the members of PTA can be established as follows:

Directors

Directors by definition of PTA are program managers. Under one program numerous projects are being run at the same time in parallel. So in essence a program manager has a number of project managers in his team for the completion of ongoing projects.

Project Managers

The project managers are fully responsible for the delivery of the project from start till the end. They are given a specific team of individuals to carry out the micromanagement of the project. During the entire project cycle they are involved in the planning and execution of the project related activities along with the project budgets planning required necessary to execute the project.A PM is looking after project/projects for which he is totally accountable and responsible.

Specialists

Specialists are Team leads who are responsible for single projects with designated executives and engineers reporting to him. Specialists of PMs are engaged a lot with their required necessary team structure. All the specialists or the PMs report to the overall project manager who is responsible for the overall project along with all the ongoing projects and sub projects.

Project Management Staff

Like the project manager the project management administrative staff is also on a full time basis. The project management administrative staff is full time responsible to assist their respective project managers to carry out the day to day activities and activities of the project towards the closure of the project.

HARDWARE USE BY THE ORGANIZATION

Computer hardware refers to the physical parts of a computer and related devices. Internal hardware devices include motherboards, hard drives, and RAM. External hardware devices include monitors, keyboards, mice, printers, and scanners. The internal hardware parts of a computer are often referred to as components, while external hardware devices are usually called peripherals. Together, they all fall under the category of computer hardware. PTA has released TecalTM T8000 blade servers and R series rack servers into the market. These products help in telecommunication and internet operations, and energy industry. By using the products, PTA helps users to handle the technical difficulties in saving energy, improving performance, and developing new architecture.

Name of the organizations.

Name of the Hardware.

Dell

Laptops, Desktops.

HP

Printer.

Kingston

USB

HP

Projectors

Detail of Hardware:

`USE BY THE ORGANIZATION

Specification

BEST AVAILABLE IN THE MARKET

Specification

1:Dell Laptops:

Model: Inspiron 15

Hard Drive:250GB4 SATA Hard Drive (5400RPM)

Memory: 3GB2 Shared Dual Channel DDR2 at 800MHz

Processors: Intel Pentium:

Dual Core T4200

(2.0GHz/800Mhz FSB/1MB cache)

Ram:356MB

Cost: 39920 PKR

Model: Studio 15

Hard Drive: 320GB5 SATA Hard Drive (5400RPM)

Memory:4GB4 Shared Dual Channel DDR2 at 800MHz

Processors: Intel® Core 2 Duo T6600 (2.2GHz/800Mhz FSB/2MB cache)

Ram: 456MB

Cost: 74320 PKR

2: Dell Desktops:

Model:StudioXPS

Hard Drives:320GB5 Serial ATA Hard Drive (7200RPM) w/Data Burst Cache

Memory:2GB2 Dual Channel DDR2 SDRAM3 at 800MHz- 2DIMMs

Cost: 23920

Model: Inspiron: 537

Hard Drives:500GB5 Serial ATA Hard Drive (7200RPM) w/Data Burst Cache

Memory:4GB4 Dual Channel DDR2 SDRAM3 at 800MHz- 4DIMMs

Cost: 63920

3: HP Printer:

Model :HP color laser CP1215

Print Speed: up to 12 pages/min - Black normal

Processor :284 MHz

RAM: Installed ( Max ) 16 MB / 16 MB (max)

Cost: 49199 PKR

Model: HP color laser jet CP2025dn

Print Speed: up to 21 pages/min - B/W , up to 21 pages/min - Color

Processor: Motorola 540 MHz

RAM: Installed ( Max ) 128 MB / 384 MB (max)

Cost: 65199 PKR

4: HP Projectors:

Model:GRAND PRIX 76-87POWT,AC

Speed: up to 30 pages/min - B/W - Letter A Size (8.5 in x 11 in)

Processor:266 MHz

RAM: Installed ( Max ) 16 MB / 16 MB (max)

Cost: 49950PKR

Model: NEW HD1080i-HDMI

Speed: up to 40 pages/min - B/W - Letter A Size (8.5 in x 11 in)

Processor: 285 MHz

Ram: Installed ( Max ) 18MB / 18 MB (max)

Memory: 84 MB

Cost: 59920PKR.

5:Kinston USB:

1:DT1/4 GB Kingston Data Traveler USB 2.0

2: DT1/2GB Kingston Data Traveler USB 2.0

Size: 4GB.

Read: 6MB/sec

Write: 3MB/sec

Cost:1520PKR


Size:2GB

Read: 6MB/sec

Write: 3MB/sec

Cost:1200PKR

Organization is using best available usb

SOFTWARE USE BY THE ORGANIZATION

Computer software or just software is a general term used to describe the role that computer programs, procedures and documentation play in a computer system.

The term includes:

  • Application software such as word processors which perform productive tasks for users.
  • Firmware which is software programmed resident to electrically programmable memory devices on board main boards or other types of integrated hardware carriers.
  • Middleware which controls and co-ordinates distributed systems.
  • System software such as operating systems, which interface with hardware to provide the necessary services for application software.
  • Test ware which is an umbrella term or container term for all utilities and application software that serve in combination for testing a software package but not necessarily may optionally contribute to operational purposes. As such, test ware is not a standing configuration but merely a working environment for application software or subsets thereof.

Microsoft Office Professional 2007 Full Version for PC:

Office Professional 2007 is a complete, easy-to-use suite of productivity and information management software to help business professionals save time and stay organized. Powerful features centralize customer, sales and project information in one place so users can respond

more quickly to opportunities. The price of MS Office is 22, 7560 Rupees. The product's details are as follow:

NETWORK STRUCTURE

A computer network is a group of interconnected computers. The network allows computers to communicate with each other and share resources and information. Networks may be classified according to a wide variety of characteristics. Computer networks can also be classified according to the hardware and software technology that is used to interconnect the individual devices in the network, such as Optical fiber, Ethernet, Wireless LAN, Home PNA, Power line communication.

A sample network diagram

Networks that are use by Huawei are:

  • Personal area network
  • Local area network
  • Campus area network
  • Wide area network
  • Virtual private network
  • Wireless network
  • Intranet
  • Extranet
  • Internet

Personal Area Network:

A personal area network (PAN) is a computer network use in PTA for communication among computer devices close to one person. Some examples of devices that are used in a PAN are printers, fax machines, telephones, PDAs and scanners. The reach of a PAN is typically about 20-30 feet (approximately 6-9 meters), but this is expected to increase with technology improvements

Local Area Network:

A local area network (LAN) is a computer network covering a small physical area, like a home, office, or small group of buildings, such as a school, or an airport. On a wired LAN, PCs in the library are typically connected through a system of interconnected devices and eventually connect to the Internet. The staff computers can get to the color printer, checkout records, and the academic network and the Internet. All user computers can get to the Internet and the card catalog. Each workgroup can get to its local printer. Note that the printers are not accessible from outside their workgroup. The defining characteristics of LANs, in contrast to WANs (wide area networks), include their higher data transfer rates, smaller geographic range, and lack of a need for leased telecommunication lines. LAN technologies operate at speeds up to 10 Gbit/s. This is the data transfer rate.

Campus Area Network:

A campus area network (CAN) is a computer network made up of an interconnection of local area networks (LANs) within a limited geographical area, specific to an academic setting. In PTA the network is likely to link a variety of campus buildings. A campus area network is larger than a local area network but smaller than a wide area network (WAN). The main aim of a campus area network is to facilitate students of PTA accessing internet and university resources.

Wide Area Network:

A wide area network is a network where a wide variety of resources are deployed across a large domestic area or internationally. PTA uses a WAN to interconnect their offices in different countries. The largest and best example of a WAN is the Internet, which is a network composed of many smaller networks. The Internet is considered the largest network in the world. The PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network) also is an extremely large network that is converging to use Internet technologies, although not necessarily through the public Internet.

Virtual private network:

A virtual private network (VPN) is a computer network in which some of the links between nodes are carried by open connections or virtual circuits in some larger network (e.g., the Internet) instead of by physical wires. PTA by using a VPN allows computer users to appear to be editing from an IP address location other than the one which connects the actual computer to the Internet.

Wireless network:

Wireless network refers to any type of computer network that is wireless, and is commonly associated with a telecommunications network whose interconnections between nodes is implemented without the use of wires. Cellular phones are part of huge wireless network systems like PTA. People use these phones daily to communicate with one another. To make possible sending information overseas PTA is using wireless network systems using satellites and other signals to communicate across the world. Emergency services such as the police department utilize wireless networks to communicate important information quickly. People and businesses use wireless networks to send and share data quickly. Wireless networks are as an inexpensive and rapid way to be connected to the Internet in countries and regions.

Internet

It consists of a worldwide interconnection of governmental, academic, public, and private networks based upon the networking technologies of the Internet Protocol Suite. The Internet is also the communications backbone underlying the World Wide Web (WWW). PTA 65% work is depending on internet.

Intranet:

PTA is also using intranet. An intranet is a set of networks, using the Internet Protocol and IP-based tools such as web browsers and file transfer applications that are under the control of a single administrative entity. That administrative entity closes the intranet to all but specific, authorized users. Most commonly, an intranet is the internal network of an organization. A large intranet will typically have at least one web server to provide users with organizational information.

Extranet:

An extranet is a network or inter network that is limited in scope to a single organization or entity but which also has limited connections to the networks of one or more other usually, but not necessarily, trusted organizations or entities (e.g., a company's customers may be given access to some part of its intranet creating in this way an extranet, while at the same time the customers may not be considered 'trusted' from a security standpoint). Technically, an extranet may also be categorized as a CAN, MAN, WAN, or other type of network, although, by definition, an extranet cannot consist of a single LAN; it must have at least one connection with an external network.

ONLINE PRESENCE

With the decrease in the network cost, more users can use broadband network resources. Users are not merely satisfied with voice and data services. They require more online services that enable them to interact with each other. Therefore, enterprises increasingly emphasize on how to build a communication network that integrates voice, data and videoconferencing services, products sales and purchase services on a single data network, to satisfy versatile communication requirements of enterprises and all stakeholders. As one of the telecommunications equipment vendors with the most diverse product lines, PTA has many outstanding advantages in providing complete solutions to satisfy the multimedia communication service demands of various enterprises and stakeholders. Coordinating its joint strengths in data communications, transmission and multimedia products, PTA proposed the Viewpoint MeNet Multimedia Communication Solution (hereinafter referred to as ViewPoint MeNet Solution), which thoroughly satisfies versatile communication demands of enterprises. The ViewPoint MeNet Solution provides various services such as video conference, conference call, videophone, IP telephony, PC to Phone and streaming service online.

Following are the main online services:

Industry support

Expert group forum

Licensing

Industry report

Consumer support

Sims information

Stolen IMEI search

Complaints

Legislation

Rules

Regulations

Policies

Media centre

PTA providing almost every new information about different events

I.e. jobs, tender notice, Cellular Mobile Quality of Service and different news about services

How PTA maintain Security & Backup

PTA has developed comprehensive security strategies before focusing on any one particular security problem. Security is never ending exercise. PTA faces and on going threat from several sources both internal and external PTAsecurity policy is in place.

Physical Security

Release of Information

Policy documents supplied as part of employee work related task or other required-reading resource should not be misquoted or used anywhere else. Failure to comply in many cases is a suitable justification for termination of employment.

Visitors

Visitor cards are issued to all the visitors of the designated officers of PTA for entering the premises after necessary verification.

Network Security

Antivirus

PTA use kaspersky Antivirus to save data.

Physical firewall

PTA uses physical firewall to Protect from any hazard.

Digital Signature

Digital signature is used in PTA. It is an electronic signature that can be used to authenticate the identity of the sender of a message or the signer of the document, and possibly to ensure that the original content of the message or document that has been sent is unchanged.

Backup

For backup Pakistan telecommunication authority use compatible hard drive minimum capacity is 30 GB and maximum 100 GB these hard drives are given to

the department ever weak for storage of data and backup for critical and some time non critical data also store in it. They also use its IP server for most critical and secrete data that use only top level management it very secure because its

open only key words that only know top executive. When they enter the key words data can b converted in to readable format.

Key words are very secure it can not be break by any person instead of that person who know these key words

Conclusion & recommendation:

The Pakistan telecommunication authority pursuing cooperation agreements with its international counterparts as well as with various agencies within the country; cooperation, however, needs to be mutual in order to be effective. Our reform agenda fits in well with the Government's policy and broader reforms of the economy and as such require necessary support from the Government and public

While the year under review was marked with considerable challenges in implementation of the envisioned reforms, I assure you that the challenges have only strengthened our resolve and belief in fundamental reforms.

Source: Essay UK - http://doghouse.net/free-essays/information-technology/telecommunications-industry-deals.php


Not what you're looking for?

Search:


About this resource

This Information Technology essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.


Rating:

Rating  
No ratings yet!


Word count:

This page has approximately words.


Share:


Cite:

If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows:

Essay UK, Telecommunications industry deals. Available from: <http://doghouse.net/free-essays/information-technology/telecommunications-industry-deals.php> [22-02-19].


More information:

If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal:


Essay and dissertation help

badges